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Past essays #4 & the reason why・・・・
I am gonna post my essay which I worked on in Biomechanics class in the last semester.

I have played baseball for 13 years and broke my left shoulder when I was a college student in Japan. I couldn’t throw balls for long distance anymore. (I can play catch just for fun, but only in short distance). When I look back now, my shoulder injury seemed to be predestined to happen(was destined to happen) and I am sure that injury came from the lack of my awareness of warm-up. Although I had been anatomically inflexible and supposed to be more awareness about my body, I somehow failed to care about my body, especially around shoulders.

I regret about my absence of awareness,(I regret that I wasn't aware←more proper) and don't want an athlete to make (repeat) the same mistake as mine.
And that own mistake(my own mistake or that mistakes), in a sense, inspired me to become an athletic trainer and and I decided to pursue my career in the sporting world. Now I am studying Sport Medicine so that I can get enough knowledge and experience as to prevent athletes from getting injury even though there are just few possibilities to get hurt.

Here is my essay. I focus specifically on shoulder mechanisms and the difference between full-can exercise and empty-can exercise. My friend, Katie, helped me check my grammar stuff and taught me many new expressions. Special thanks to Katie!!


New expression

asprire
人が主語
I aspired to be an athletic trainer

inspire
物が主語
My own mistakes inspired me to be an athletic trainer.



起こるべくして起こる ;《be ~》
predestined to happen


宗教的な意味があるらしい。神に・・・みたいな。普通の英語では
be destined to happenを使うといい。


pursue a career in
pursue a career as
~としての道を進む
pursue a career goal


pursue a career in the private sector
民間部門に職を求める
He came to Japan in 2002 to pursue a career as a sumo wrestler.
力士になるために2002年に来日しました
AS←~としてのの意。pursue arms control proposals designed to
~することを目的とした軍縮提案を推進する
pursue beauty
pursue an object
pursue an artistic career
芸術を志す






続きを読む
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my past essays part3
This essay below are written about Australia.
It is about Ayers rock. Actually I have never been to the Ayers rock, but I managed to make up this story. My friends who checked this eaasy called me "super lier!!"

The Bellybutton of the Earth

“Nobody can express the beauty of that landscape” (Ohashi). How true that observation was! At the top of the Ayers rock, my friend, Masaru and I—who are both usually talkative—stood amazed and watched the sun setting on the skyline. We said nothing. That landscape burned into my mind, and, even now, it remains vivid within me. In this essay, I want to introduce my journey to the Ayers rock, which gave us the most unforgettable memory.
Three years ago, Masaru and I went on a “no money trip” to the Australia (No money trip means that we cut costs as much as possible by sleeping outside, hitchhiking, and eating cheap food). Doing so, of course, might not work for some people, because sleeping outside or hitchhiking in a foreign country is dangerous. I know that staying at a luxurious hotel or eating a sumptuous dish also can make a trip great. But for people like us, people having no money, a no money trip is the best way to enjoy or to study the culture of a foreign country while traveling. We have gone to many places to see the beauty of nature and to visit local residents. So, as always, we planned to go to Australia with little money. However, at that time, we did not know how special the trip to Australia would turn out to be for us.
Right after we arrived at the airport, we started to obtain information about the Ayers rock. We have another rule for our adventure. We never obtain information until we arrive. This means that we do not make reservation any hotel or restaurant; we believe this rule makes our trips more thrilling. So, according to that rule, we gathered some information at the airport, and then visited local residents who are called Aborigine. In central Australia, we saw another world, which we had never seen before. We experienced their ritual ceremonies, their traditional dance, and their eating habits. These were all precious experiences, which we would never had if we had tried to plan a trip like that. Those experiences were what exactly we had wanted to do. Next day, however, we experienced a further more wonderful moment at the top of the Ayers rock. Since then, the top of the Ayers Rock have been the unique and best place for me.
Ayers rock (also known by its Aboriginal name Uluru) is a huge rock formation in central Australia, in the Northern Territory. According to geological facts, it is the second-largest monolith in the world (after Mount Augustus, also in Australia), more than 986 ft high and 5 miles around (Anne, Kerle). The huge rock are also said that there are no similar monoliths in the vicinity; Ayers rock isn’t a part of a prehistoric glacial moraine. Instead, it is the tip of a rock layer tilted 90 degrees by violent geologic activity some 300 million years ago and extending thousand of feet into the earth. We climbed all the way to the top of the huge rock. (Shea Leff)
We headed to this big rock, which are also called the bellybutton of the earth. After reaching the base of the Ayers rock, we started to climb a big egg-shaped rock. Looking up the huge monolith from the right below, I felt it was red wall. Who would imagine that huge, huge monolith exists in our world. The power of nature; we felt we were only small existence in front of the nature. While climbing, fighting with a piled fatigue for long journey, we noticed that the sunset turned the whole sky a pink hue. After we reached the top of the rock, we noticed that a 360 view of vast, red horizon are stretched before us. It was too beautiful for words, and I felt as if the landscape extended to infinite. Thinking at the earth level, Ayers rock maybe tiny rock, but, for us, that huge rock gave us vast, and incredible landscape stretched below our eyes. After reaching the top of the Ayers Rock where we saw the vast landscape, that place turned out to be the most unique and intriguing places.
Seeing red miracle view, we talked a lot about our future sitting on side by side. At that time, of course even now, we have similar dreams: working in the sporting world. I am not sure how many hours we spent there, but it is true that I felt the time we spent there went by so slowly. On the way to go back to the airport from seeing the belly of the earth, we decided to come there again when we make each dream a reality.
Nowadays, many artificial buildings have been built all over the world, and many natural places have been turned into a tourist site. Of course some of these sites are still beautiful as well. But for me, the landscape that we saw at the top of the Ayers rock is the most beautiful in the world. The feeling that we experienced, the time that we spent, and the landscape that we saw will stay in my mind forever.
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my past essay part2
Here is another article I wrote in fall 2006.
Why I put that here is to review my article by myself in the future.

This article is written about environmental problem. I focused on global warming and wrote 1500 words.




Save the Blue Planet!

Have you ever considered how much we depend on Mother Earth? You probably would say “Yes,” as would I. But, in reality, most of us underestimate how much our lives depend on Mother Earth and how important it is. The air we are breathing, the water we are drinking, and the trees we are see from the window of our house are components of our planet. They are essential to our life. If we lose just one of these components, our lives will be in danger. Even though we all know that this will happen someday, and though we know what we must do to save our planet, somehow we are just not careful enough. As a result, we are facing many problems such as global warming, thinning of the ozone layer, and air pollution. It would not be an exaggeration to say that these changes of earth environment, occurring all over the world, are warnings to us about the future. In this essay, I will focus on global warming, one of the primary problems occurring these days, and I will discuss what the global warming is, which human activities affect global warming, and what we can do about this problem.
According to one research, surface temperatures on our earth have increased 0.5-1.0 Fahrenheit in the last one hundred years, with accelerated warming in the last 50 years. This warming over the last 50 years is attributable to human activities (McMichael). It appears to be a small increase, but, for earth, it is a crucial change; if the surface temperature increases constantly, then the polar ice caps melt quickly, and the sea-level rises. As a result of this, large areas of lower lands will disappear into the sea. Also, it is said that if global warming increases, arid countries will lose their moisture, and their already sparse vegetation will disappear. As you can see from these facts, these problems directly affects our lives.
Most of us know about these problems occurring on earth, but I believe that people still underestimate how much this tiny increase threatens human life. For in such a short period as human life span, great Earth seems not to be damaged much by a little activity of human beings. However, the reality is that it has noticeably suffered. Even though earth’s deterioration is almost invisible in our life time, once it reaches certain points, our earth’s deterioration will head for an irreversible crisis in the near future. Therefore, we should take responsibility not only to save the earth’s future, but even to guarantee our posterity’s life.
But why has global warming occurred? What is the primary cause of global warming? Again, human activities are mainly related to this warming. Human activities related to industrial activities and family-level activities have changed the chemical composition of the atmosphere by creating greenhouse gases, mainly carbon dioxide (Hansen). For example, using natural gas and oil, including gasoline for automobile engines, raises the level of carbon dioxide in the air. Especially in the U.S.A, it could clearly be said that emission of automobile engine occupies a large proportion of global warming, which is due to human activities. Lately, new technology has been created that enables cars to run on electric energy instead of on gasoline. This innovation would be beneficial to the earth’s environment, but these types of cars have not been popular in the U.S., due to a lack of publicity and the costs of buying a new car.
Also, it is the fact that many factories produce industrial gases which do not occur naturally, but contribute significantly to enhance emission of greenhouse gas. Greenhouse gas naturally plays an important role in preserving earth’s condition, in that it allows incoming solar radiation to pass through the Earth's atmosphere, but prevents outgoing infrared radiation from escaping into space. In other words, this process occurs naturally, keeping the Earth's temperature below a certain degree. In general, this effect is called the “greenhouse effect”. Without it, current life on this planet could not sustain its function.
However, once the rate of greenhouse gas in earth’s atmosphere reaches a certain point, it will cause surface temperature to increase to an abnormal length. Also, this increasing greenhouse gas by human activities has caused climate change. Abnormal weather phenomena such as El Niño are occurring all over the world these days; they warn of the earth’s approaching crisis. It is clear from these warnings that climate change will affect human health in many ways—mostly adversely.
So what can we do to save our blue planet? You might come up with one important agreement, which is related to global warming: the Kyoto protocol. This protocol is a global agreement, negotiated in 1997 in Japan, by which industrialized nations have agreed to make substantial reductions in their emissions of greenhouse gases by 2012. Now, more than 160 countries have taken part in the agreement (Kyoto Protocol).
Since then, many countries have ratified the Protocol and have tried to reduce their emissions of greenhouse gas. As a matter of fact, however, the U.S, which has emitted the largest amount of greenhouse gases in the world, has withdrawn from the protocol. Senator Byrd stated as its reason, “the Senate will not ratify the Protocol unless rapidly developing countries such as China are included in its requirements to reduce greenhouse gases” (Kyoto Protocol). Also, the current Bush Administration has rejected this protocol, saying that it would be harmful for the country's economy. I know, of course, that it is important to think about relationships with other countries, about economic strength, and about building a stable social infrastructure. But I also think that a government should pay more attention to the factors which affect its citizens’ lives directly.
On the other hand, there must be something that we can do without relying on government. The most efficient way to reduce greenhouse gas is for each of us to think seriously about saving Mother Earth, on a day-to-day basis. One research shows that “heating and cooling your house can be a major energy drain, typically accounting for about 45 percent of a household's total energy use.”(What you). It means lowering heat by just a few degrees in the winter and setting your air conditioner a couple of degrees higher in the summer. This can add up to real energy savings. As in the above example, you can significantly cut energy use by setting the water temperature lower degrees in your house or office. You can also cut the consumption of wasted energy by installing efficient low-flow shower heads or washing clothes in cold water, rather than hot. Besides, it has been suggested that if 100,000 people who currently don't recycle began to do so, they would collectively reduce CO2 emissions by 42,000 tons a year. As an added benefit, recycling reduces pollution and saves natural resources, including precious trees that absorbs CO2 (Owens).
As you can see, all of these things not only contribute to save earth, but they are simple things that we can do in our normal lives. They may seem to have little influence on earth’s overall environment, but the steps that every single person takes in his or her daily life really will be the key to saving our earth.
In this high-tech era, it is impossible to live without the very technology which could cause the earth to deteriorate; focusing on reducing our technology would not be beneficial to us. Of course, it is important to think about how we can reduce detrimental effects. I can say that the government should pay more attention on this global warming and take concrete measures immediately. However, the most important point is what we do in our daily lives. Taking single steps to save the earth may seem to be of little consequence, but it is actually the key to saving our beautiful, unique planet and to guaranteeing our posterity’s safety. Now, let’s start from small steps!
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my past eaasys part1
I am gonna put my essay which I wrote in last semester to review by myself.
This blog are not only for reviewing my footprints, but it also means to study writing skills by myself.

I wrote this essay below in composition class. I made up stories partially. Of course, most parts of the story were true, but some weren’t. ha-ha.


The Miracle of Red Tasuki

At that moment, tears rolled down my cheeks by themselves, and I and my teammates exploded in joy with our fists outstretched to the heaven. One day eight years ago, I attended the national long-distance road relay competition with my teammates, and we experienced one miracle. The existence of tasuki and my friends gave me the miracle, this I will never experience such a miracle ever again in the future. I want to introduce my wonderful memory, which tasuki gave me, with my classmates.
I guess only a few people know about tasuki and about how important it is for long-distance relay runners. Tasuki is Japan’s name of the sash of cloth which long-distance road relay runners wear across their chests while they run. In road relay, we pass the sash from the first runner all the way to the anchor, the last runner. It was only a sash of cloth, but, for me, it had a special meaning. Furthermore, I am certain my experience, through that tasuki, will stay in my mind and will be my guideline for my entire life. It would not be an exaggeration to say that it gave me the idea of how I should walk throughout my life.
In my junior high school, I belonged to the track team as a long-distance runner, and we practiced almost everyday at the school ground for an annual national competition. The competition had been held every year on December among the 40 teams, all of which survived regional preliminaries held throughout Japan. We had won the regional eliminations 13 years in a row. Until our final year, however, my school had been beaten 25 years in a row by just one school that was famous all over the country. When I look back now, in our final year, we practiced with desperation for our earnest desire to beat that team.
But, our ace runner, Kenji, injured his lower back just one month before the competition. “No. What are we are going to do? What should we do?”(Tanaka). one of my teammates muttered in truncated sentences.
I remember that all who heard about his injury looked down with disappointment. His influence on our team was so strong; it would not be an exaggeration to say that our chance to beat that team depended on his condition. Next day, we started to practice without him as usual. But I felt lost because he was not only our ace runner, but he also had been my best friend in junior high school. Even our coach looked disappointed. After that, I, who was vice captain at that time, headed up the team instead of him who was our captain. We practiced everyday for our last competition, but, at that time, I guess nobody thought that we would beat that team. In that worst situation, tasuki saved us and gave us a strong bond of solidarity.
One weekend, we went to practice as usual and saw someone was running on the school grounds. “Who is he?” one of my friends said. It was Kenji. We all ran up to him with joy because we all thought he recovered from his injury. But we realized we were wrong. He was running with crying. He stopped and told us he could not make it for the competition because of the pain. We realized that he cried not for joy that he could run, but for regret not being able to participate in the competition.
During our practice, he sat in the center of the school ground and saw us in silence. After the practice, we usually had a meeting. He was in our meeting circle. Suddenly he began to speak. I will never forget his words:
I am so sorry but I can not make it in time for the last competition. But I believe “we” will win the game. Remenber? How much we practiced? How far we have run together since becoming teammates? Which teams have better teamwork than us? Of course I regret a lot. But, it is too late to think. I will support you guys as much as I can. (Kenji)
After saying so, he gave us the red tasuki, the sash. On tasuki, there were all of our names embroidered with yellow color.
On race day, we had a meeting as usual. After our coach’s advice, he told us that we would win, and asked us to go in and win for Kenji (Kenji). The first runner wore the tasuki, and finally the race began with the whistle. I was the anchorman instead of our captain, Kenji, and I waited until tasuki came to my points. Wonder of wonder, our team came first to my points. I noticed how the previous runners did their best when I took over our tasuki from the former runner and began to run. I felt the weight of it. I felt as if not only former runner’s sweat was in tasuki, but Kenji’s feeling and all teammate’s desires were in our tasuki. I ran all the way to the goal wearing my teammate’s feeling in order not to be overtaken by other runners. Finally, I raced to the finish line where my best friends and all other teammates were waiting me. After I reached the finish line, we exploded in joy shaking our fists in the air. At the same time, I felt the tasuki was losing its weight and it turned back to only a cloth. After Kenji got the cup from the championship organizer, I noticed that tears rolled down his cheeks. At the same time, the audience and other teams burst into applause. Since then, our first victory has been called “the miracle of red tasuki”.
Our red tasuki is still on the wall of our club room. It might be only one red cloth for others. But, for us, it has a special meaning. I am certain that the miracle, the power of friends, and the weight of tasuki that I felt that time will last in my mind forever.
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